Individuals with Disabilities Act

The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) was originally passed by congress in 1975, this law has guaranteed that eligible children and youth with disabilities would have available to them a free appropriate public education (FAPE) designed to meet their unique educational needs.

Because states base their programs upon the law and its final federal regulations, it is helpful become familiar with the law itself. You can obtain a copy of the statute by contacting:

Superintendent of Documents,
U.S. Government Printing Office
Attn: New Orders
P.O. Box 371954
Pittsburgh, PA 15250-7954


Part C of IDEA is the section of the statute which addresses services that support children with special needs under the age of three. Those services are referred to as Early Intervention Services. There are 16 early intervention services available through this program including:

  • Assistive Technology
  • Audiology/Hearing services
  • Developmental Therapy
  • Family Training
  • Health Consultation
  • Nursing Services
  • Nutrition Services
  • Occupational Therapy
  • Physical Therapy
  • Psychological Therapy
  • Service Coordination
  • Social Work Services
  • Speech-Language Therapy
  • Transportation
  • Vision Services